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What Is CBD?
CBD stands for Cannabidiol, a Phytocannabinoid which comes from the Cannabis plant with a claimed positive effect on the human body through its’ interaction with our Endocannabinoid System.
If that single sentence doesn’t give you a sense of understanding, don’t worry. You’re not alone. With the recent hype about CBD, people across the country are looking for answers as to what CBD is, how it works, and whether it’s the right fit for them. There’s seemingly just as much misinformation on the internet as there is proof of its supplemental wellness properties. We’re going to break down the terms, definitions, legality, claims, and results in order to give you the ability to make an informed decision about this compound and whether it’s right for you.
Let’s start with the source:
What is Cannabis?
Cannabis is a flowering plant in the genus family Cannabaceae. It is an annually flowering herb, pollinated by wind. It has both “male” and “female” sexes which play a role in the plant’s reproduction. The plant produces a group of chemicals called Cannabinoids, known to produce both mental and physical effects when consumed. The most famous of these Cannabinoids is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the primary psychoactive compound that produces a state of euphoria and relaxation in those who consume it.
What is Hemp?
In early North American history, Hemp was the term used for the Cannabis plant. It was widely used for its fiber in making rope, clothing, and paper, though it is well accepted that it was used medicinally at the time as well. Today, “Industrial Hemp” is used as a classification of the Cannabis plant with low levels of THC through selective breeding, making its’ psychoactive properties benign, and therefore not causing a state of euphoria, or “high”. This makes it a perfect strain for industrial applications and the manufacture of products where there is no need for the psychotropic uses of the plant, making it the strain of choice for CBD extraction.
What is a Cannabinoid?
A cannabinoid is a chemical compound that acts on cannabinoid receptors. We know of at least 113 different cannabinoids, broken down into three categories. Endocannabinoids (produced naturally by our own bodies), Phytocannabinoids (found in cannabis), and Synthetic Cannabinoids (manufactured artificially).
What is a Phytocannabinoid?
A phytocannabinoid is a cannabinoid that does not occur naturally in animals. CBD and THC are both compounds found in cannabis that our bodies do not naturally produce. Since they are so similar to our bodies’ naturally occurring cannabinoids, we still have receptors for them in our endocannabinoid system. This is what causes the cannabis plant to have such a drastic effect on our mental and physical states.
What is the Endocannabinoid System? (How CBD Works)
ECS for short, the Endocannabinoid System is a biological structure of naturally occurring (endogenous) receptors in the bodies of humans and other animal species. It is a system of neurotransmitters that bind to receptor proteins that communicate with our central nervous system (brain included) and peripheral nervous system. Preliminary research has found that the ECS may be involved in the regulation of physiological and cognitive processes such as fertility, pregnancy, during prenatal and postnatal development, appetite, pain-sensation, mood, and memory.
The graphic here shows where all the known cannabinoid receptors are located in the body and which parts of the body they are known to directly effect.
Broad Spectrum VS Full Spectrum VS CBD Isolate
To understand exactly what you’re getting when you purchase a CBD product, keep in mind that there are different processes of Hemp Extraction. The extraction process can single out just cannabidiol, or a number of other cannabinoids. When purchasing CBD products, they will likely be categorized into one of these three categories.
- CBD Isolate implies that the only cannabinoid extracted from the hemp plant is Cannabidiol.
- Broad Spectrum implies that all the naturally occurring compounds found in the hemp plant are extracted, save for THC. This is the most common category for CBD products that are widely available across the country.
- Full Spectrum implies that all the naturally occurring compounds of the hemp or marijuana planet are extracted, including THC. This category is more likely to be found in states where marijuana is medically or recreationally legal and has the potential to cause euphoria when consumed.
Is Cannabis Legal?
Not so long ago, if you were to search for “Cannabis” on Google, the top results would be from Wikipedia, High Times Magazine, a number of Marijuana Reform Organizations, and endless news articles about drug busts and the horrors of weed. Fast-forward to today and we’re at the forefront of what appears to be a burgeoning new Nationwide industry, driven largely by early Medical Marijuana adoption in states like California, Oregon, Alaska, and Washington.
In the United States of America, at the time of this publication, there are 11 States (and the District of Columbia) that have fully legalized recreational use of Marijuana, and another 30 States who have either legalized the medicinal use of Marijuana or decriminalized it. That leaves only 9 States with illegal status of the plant. Federally speaking though, it is still considered a Schedule 1 Drug, so interstate transport and sale is still prohibited to those States which have legalized it. A large portion of the United States believes this will not last much longer, though. With Canada’s recent legalization of recreational Marijuana across the country, it appears only to be a matter of time until it is Federally legalized in the United States as well. To find out what your State’s current laws on Marijuana are, click here.
Is Hemp Legal?
While Marijuana has an ongoing legal battle to contend to, its’ THC-Free counterpart Hemp has already fought the good fight and come out the other side victorious. Since there are no psychoactive effects from Hemp, the industrial uses far outweighed the social implications of legalization. The 2018 Farm Bill, also known as the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, was passed by the Senate on December 11th, 2018 and signed by President Donald Trump on December 20th, 2018. With the passing of this bill, Hemp was descheduled from the Controlled Substances Act, making it legal to grow, transport, sell, purchase, and use on the Federal level.
Is CBD Legal? (Where CBD Is Legal)
With the legality of Hemp clarified Federally, CBD Oil is now legal on the State level in almost all 50 States in the United States of America to some degree. The few exceptions to this are Nebraska, South Dakota, and Idaho where no form of Cannabis or Hemp is legal on the State level. Another factor is whether the State you live in allows unrestricted recreational CBD sales or restricts it on a medicinal-only status. Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, and Kentucky only allow CBD sale through healthcare-regulated institutions and therefore cannot be sold without a prescription. If you don’t live in the above-mentioned 9 States, you can currently purchase CBD Oil with no prescription.
Is CBD Addictive?
In a 2017 study written in the Journal of Drug and Alcohol Dependence, their research conclusion states, “Overall, CBD did not display any signals of abuse liability at the doses tested.” In an excerpt from their own review, the World Health Organization writes, “To date, there is no evidence of recreational use of CBD or any public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.” Since THC is either too low or entirely extracted from the Broad Spectrum CBD Oils and Isolates, there is no cannabinoid present that would present a “high”, therefore no fear of having an addictive response to CBD itself.
Is CBD Safe?
The safety profile of CBD is described by researchers are generally favorable with the most common reported side effects from many trials listed as tiredness, diarrhea, and changes in appetite. These side effects only occurred in a small amount of patients, and these trials were carried out to ascertain CBD's health potential for treatment of epilepsy and psychotic disorders. CBD's negative side effects are not felt in most people who take it.
Can CBD Oil Help?
This is the billion-dollar question. It must be stated very loudly that currently, with the way the laws are in the USA, and since many health trials and studies are still in their infancy, the exact provable claimed benefits of CBD are in a state of limbo. It is not regulated by the Food & Drug Administration, and even their own definitions of the chemical as a retail product are extremely confusing. It has technically been excluded from the dietary supplement definition, but only because “if a substance (such as THC or CBD) is an active ingredient in a drug product that has been approved under section 505 of the FD&C Act [21 U.S.C. § 355]” This technicality exists because CBD has already been approved as a component in an FDA-Approved drug called Epidiolex, made specifically for seizures in certain kinds of epilepsy.
The fast rise of Cannabidiol as a supplementary aid in helping with a number of wellness needs has caused some chaos in our legal system because its benefits have been shown to be far-reaching and safe for general use. The biggest issue in the industry at the moment is whether what's being advertised is really what's in the product you're buying. Every reputable CBD retailer (including CBD's World) should have a bar code and batch number so that you, the customer, are able to look up the lab tests of the product to verify that what's being labeled on the bottle is accurate.
If you're looking for a transparent, dependable source of CBD Products, look no further than CBD's World. We offer a wide range of products that have been tested for safety and purity. Our products are THC-Free, organic, contain zero pesticides, heavy metals, or other unwanted byproducts. Our extraction process is the best in the industry, increasing the bio-availability of our CBD by 200% compared to competitors with our proprietary nano-emulsion technology, and we lab test constantly to insure only the highest quality. We hope this page has been informational and if you're a first-time customer of our brand, we can't wait to hear your review of our products.
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